The President wants to create a competitive public workforce, where performance of leaders is empirical and observable. The reasoning here is that by signing performance contracts, Permanent Secretaries, and later Cabinet ministers, will put public interests first and rejuvenate the much-maligned core system of governance. In theory, this is a brilliant proposal and a step in the right direction to meeting Narc's pre-election pledges of good governance and zero-tolerance to graft.
Soon after both men came to power inrelations between U. Since the Iraq war ofWashington and Damascus have been on a collision course.
Conservative circles in Washington have also advocated adopting military measures if Syria does not comply with U. These hard-line, confrontational positions contrast sharply with good U. Bashar, although constrained by his conservative circles, has suggested renewing peace negotiations with Israel without preconditions, as well as starting a dialogue with the United States.
Washington has intensified its pressure on Damascus since the assassination in Beirut in February of a former Lebanese prime minister, Rafiq Hariri.
Washington indirectly blamed Syria for the killing and withdrew its ambassador from Damascus. Washington has three options in its approach toward Damascus. This option, however, poses significant problems.
A second option is to engage and cooperate with Syria and to promote a renewed peace process with Israel. This approach could yield a win-win result but seems unlikely to happen given the opposition of George W.
The third option is to adopt an incremental, pragmatic approach, displaying a big stick but also using carrots to induce Damascus to gradually change its behavior and to reward it accordingly. Of the three options, this is both the most realistic and the most promising.
There are many bones of contention between the two countries: Bashar vehemently opposed the U. Damascus has continued to sponsor other U. Relations and Bilateral Issues [Washington, D. Syria continued to control Lebanon until Aprildespite U. After the assassination on February 14,of Rafiq Hariri, the former Lebanese prime minister, the Bush administration increased pressure on Syria to withdraw.
Two months later, on April 26,Syria completed its withdrawal. The Bush administration has underscored the need for greater freedom and democracy in Syria and in all Arab countries.
Each leader views the other as holding a belief system antithetical to his own. Bashar considers Bush to be anti-Arab and pro-Israel while Bush regards Bashar as anti-American and a terror-sponsoring tyrant.
The crucial question is, Where is this confrontation leading and what options does each of the leaders have? Will current tensions escalate and lead to further U.
He can choose to fully or partly accept U. What are the chances for a more peaceful outcome? Under what conditions and circumstances can Washington and Damascus cooperate to advance their vital strategic interests? There is a recent history of cooperation.
President George Bush Sr. To be sure, that U. Why, then, does it seem so difficult for Bush and Bashar to cooperate as their fathers did? Is it because they are heavily influenced by their conservative circles and their respective ideologies—Bashar by pan-Arabism and his desire to enhance his legitimacy in the Arab world, and Bush by his religious beliefs and by the more conservative members of his party, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee AIPACand Israel?
What role does the current Iraqi situation—so different from the situation in when U. The chief aims of this report are to examine the causes of the current U. Two scenarios are examined.
The first, which mirrors what seems to be a strong tendency of the Bush administration, is that Washington punishes Damascus in an effort to force a change in Syrian policies or perhaps even a change in regime. The second scenario envisages Washington negotiating with Damascus a framework for bilateral cooperation based on mutual interests and understandings.
This report presents a third option, one that seems more constructive and nuanced than the first scenario and more realistic than the second: Deteriorating Relations "The U. Bush won the U. But within a short period, Bashar encountered a new U. These new attitudes were most manifest in the Defense Department, as well as in Congress.
Initially, while Secretary of State Colin Powell tried to counterbalance these anti-Syrian tendencies and court Damascus, President Bush held pragmatic diplomatic positions toward Damascus. He asked the House International Relations Committee to delay the proceedings regarding this bill lest it narrow U.President George Bush Sr., and President Bill Clinton cooperated with Bashar’s father, President Hafiz al-Asad, in fighting the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait in –91 and in advancing the Syrian-Israeli peace process from to John's school had adopted a policy called "zero tolerance", a strategy touted by President Clinton and leading educators across the country.
In Ohio, the "Zero Tolerance for violence" policy brings swift punishment on innocent victims as well as aggressors-both are summarily suspended. That bill changed the law to reduce penalties for crack cocaine convictions to make them match powder cocaine convictions.
The bill is fairly modest, given the current congressional dynamics. I. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS. This report documents the Chinese government's reaction to the efforts of a small number of democracy activists in and to take the first steps toward.
In , Congress passed CIPA; it was signed into law by President Bill Clinton, upon which the ACLU and the ALA filed lawsuits, and the law was enjoined for three years. The Supreme Court decision is a landmark victory in child Internet safety protection and a law that EIE was instrumental in getting passed and supported throughout the years.
This was, by the way, only possible thanks to laws signed by Bill Clinton in and meant to burnish his legacy. They vastly expanded the government’s deportation powers. They vastly expanded.