It used to be called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent, and you may still hear it called that—but type 2 diabetes is more correct and current.
Email Type 2 diabetes was once known as "adult onset" because it was so rare in kids. With one in five school-age children considered obese, the rate of Type 2 diabetes in young people is climbing. The newest study shows an almost 5 percent jump over a decade for those between the ages of 10 and Tara Narula joined "CBS This Morning" to discuss what's behind the alarming rise, how the complications resulting from diabetes are happening earlier in life, and the importance of educating kids on the dangers of the disease.
Narula said the biggest risk factor for developing the disease is obesity. In addition to that, look at the lifestyle we lead now. How many of our children are getting the recommended 60 minutes of exercise?
How many are sitting in front of screens all day long eating fast and processed food? In addition to the environmental factors that can precipitate diabetes, there's a family history component.
We can potentially pass that on to our children," Narula said. We're basing a lot of it on adults and what we do for adults. But for example, we have a lot of medication that we can use for adults. For kids we can only use two so far that are considered safe and approved by the FDA," she said.
Medicine aside, the way we engage and educate kids about diabetes also needs attention. We have to educate them and empower them. We have to use things that kids like to use, like technology, to bring them into learning about diabetes education.
We have to make our messaging culturally appropriate because there are racial and ethnic differences in how this disease affects kids," she said. Part of that education and empowerment starts with parents. You have to engage the whole family in the process of dealing with this, to teach them how to eat healthy and exercise because lifestyle is part of it," Narula said.
Another troubling aspect of the disease are the medical complications associated with it that occur down the road.
Narula said those complications are happening at an earlier age. They're starting jobs, they're in college, they're having families — and what's happening to them?
They're developing end-stage renal disease, leading them to dialysis, heart attack and stroke, neuropathy — big, big problems —retinopathy, blindness.Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with lifestyle changes.
People who are overweight and lose as little as 7 percent of their body weight and who increase physical activity (for example, walking 30 minutes per day) can decrease their risk of diabetes mellitus by more than 50%.
Type 2 diabetes (formerly called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes) is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 90% or more of those with the disease.
In type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but is unable to use it properly (a condition called insulin resistance). Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects your body’s use of glucose (a type of sugar you make from the carbohydrates you eat).
Glucose is the fuel your cells need to do their work. More than 30 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and 90% to 95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly.
This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to. Type 2 diabetes was once known as "adult onset" because it was so rare in kids.
With one in five school-age children considered obese, the rate of Type 2 diabetes in young people is.