Nevertheless, engineering should not use this as an excuse to ignore philosophy. The argument here is that philosophy is important to engineering for at least three reasons. First, philosophy is necessary so that engineers may understand and defend themselves against philosophical criticisms.
The Pinto was a small car that Ford manufactured during The unsafe gas tank design and a delayed change was the subject of huge controversy. At one point Ford found itself in a criminal trial, accused in the wrongful death of three young women. This book recounts the events from several perspectives.
Some people believe the case was a prime example of corporate greed and disregard for customers' welfare. To others, this is an example of what happens when media attention magnifies a small problem beyond reason.
There are many aspects of the Pinto case that should interest decision makers: An Ethical Critique," written by Steven Kelman. He summarizes the benefits of cost-benefit analysis, then proceeds to discredit the approach with philosophical arguments. It makes interesting reading, and Kelman makes some thoughtful points.
Fortunately, the book's editors provided space, Chapter 9, for several contributors to come to the defense of cost-benefit analysis. Where they erred, many feel including meis that they used a value for human life that was too low.
Most of this value was based upon future productivity or earnings potential losses. The books attempts to be objective in presenting all sides of the issues.
Source: Douglas Birsch and John H. Fielder, THE FORD PINTO CASE: A STUDY IN APPLIED ETHICS, BUSINESS. AND TECHNOLOGY, p. 26, Following the standard for negligence established by Judge Learned Hand in Carroll Towing, or the risk/utility standard established for manufacturer's liability, the decision was well founded.
and an application of religious ethics to case studies presenting moral issues in business.
Cases may include: deception in advertising and marketing, flawed products, affirmative action, environment and GM/VW/Ford Pinto, hacking, privacy, and more. 4. Applied religious ethics to these moral issues in business in written form and oral. Apr 15, · The flaw of Utilitarianism: the Ford Pinto case background information background information.
Students can use this weblog supporting the course in Business Ethics, discussing for instance the theory lectured in the course in relation to a current topic in business.
Business Ethics and Engineering John Hooker Your issues Please be ready to raise some issues. Outline. 3 Two Case Studies Ford Pinto () Volkswagen emissions () 4 Now a professor of business ethics and organizational behavior at Penn State.
Ford Pinto. 7. Bringing together the basic documents needed for researching an informed judgement on Ford's behavior in the case, it discusses the use by Ford of a cost-benefit analysis and the ethics surrounding its decision not to upgrade the fuel system based on this analysis.