Economic needs are realized through internal and external trade. Trade now is dominated by knowledge intensive technologies, which come from the translation of results from the scientific research and development work. Hence, science and technology are fundamental to sustainable socio-economic development of any nation. In Zambia, insufficient attention has been paid to Science and Technology and its role in the national development process.
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Technological advancements have afforded modern society with hour work operations, transmeridian travel and exposure to a myriad of electronic devices such as televisions, computers and cellular Local studies in modern technology.
Growing evidence suggests that these advancements take their toll on human functioning and health via their damaging effects on sleep quality, quantity and timing. Additional behavioral lifestyle factors associated with poor sleep include weight gain, insufficient physical exercise and consumption of substances such as caffeine, alcohol and nicotine.
Some of these factors have been implicated as self-help aids used to combat daytime sleepiness and impaired daytime functioning. This review aims to highlight current lifestyle trends that have been shown in scientific investigations to be associated with sleep patterns, sleep duration and sleep quality.
Current understanding of the underlying mechanisms of these associations will be presented, as well as some of the reported consequences. Available therapies used to treat some lifestyle related sleep disorders will be discussed. Perspectives will be provided for further investigation of lifestyle factors that are associated with poor sleep, including developing theoretical frameworks, identifying underlying mechanisms, and establishing appropriate therapies and public health interventions aimed to improve sleep behaviors in order to enhance functioning and health in modern society.
Ancoli-Israel 3 has investigated references to sleep in the Bible and the Talmud, regarding the function of sleep, the consequences of both sleep deprivation and excessive sleep, factors involved in the development of insomnia, as well as indications for its cures and treatments.
For example, Ancoli-Israel 3 provides several quotes from the Bible regarding anxiety, stress and anguish in relation to sleeplessness; indeed, these are some of the same factors which are associated with the development of insomnia today.
Such desynchrony in physiological and behavioral circadian rhythms has been shown to cause sleep loss and sleepiness, and to detrimentally affect mental performance, safety and health. Future perspectives will be provided for the investigation of lifestyle factors that are associated with poor sleep, in terms of understanding the underlying mechanisms, as well as establishing appropriate therapies and public health interventions for their treatment.
Lifestyle trends associated with altered sleep patterns The following sections will provide a review of the available investigations suggesting associations between various current lifestyle factors and sleep disturbances.
Underlying mechanisms as well as some of the consequences of sleep disturbances related to lifestyle factors will also be discussed. In an attempt to conceptualize these relationships, a hypothetical model is presented, elaborating the factors associated with chronic interference with sleep patterns in the modern world see Figure 1.
This model divides lifestyle factors into those that have emerged from environmental technological developments that disrupt normative sleep patterns, and those that may be viewed as behavioral habits, that may serve as countermeasures aimed to combat the deleterious consequences of sleep loss and sleepiness.The influence of modern technology on society: Good or bad?
by metin2sell.com member on February 26, November 17, in English In the past people used technology as a . ESSAYS ON MODERN ARCHITECTURE For the National Historic Landmark Program Introduction Chronology Essays 1. The Skyscraper 2. The Modern House meaning--to being mute wonders of technology suggesting infinite possibility.
The architectural historian and critic John Jacobus, Jr., reminds us that “nearly every present-. Modern technology is changing the way our brains work, says neuroscientist By SUSAN GREENFIELD Human identity, the idea that defines each and every one of us, could be facing an unprecedented crisis.
Managing the Modern Workforce: Cultural Diversity and Its Implications Indrawati Nataatmadia and Laurel Evelyn Dyson Faculty of Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box , Broadway, NSW , Australia, the modern workforce, Information Technology (IT) .
USING TECHNOLOGY TO SUPPORT AT-RISK STUDENTS LEARNING 1 For many years, educators and policymakers looking for strategies to close the achievement gap and improve student learning have sought solutions involving new uses of technology, especially for students placed at-risk.
Unfortunately, the results of technology initiatives have been mixed. Change in Student and Teacher Roles. When students are using technology as a tool or a support for communicating with others, they are in an active role rather than the passive role of recipient of information transmitted by a teacher, textbook, or broadcast.