Abstract Wealth inequality endangers democratic values and calls for a public response.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Decline of the American Dream in the s On the surface, The Great Gatsby is a story of the thwarted love between a man and a woman.
The main theme of the novel, however, encompasses a much larger, less romantic scope.
Though all of its action takes place over a mere few months during the summer of and is set in a circumscribed geographical area in the vicinity of Long Island, New York, The Great Gatsby is a highly symbolic meditation on s America as a whole, in particular the disintegration of the American dream in an era of unprecedented prosperity and material excess.
Fitzgerald portrays the s as an era of decayed social and moral values, evidenced in its overarching cynicism, greed, and empty pursuit of pleasure. The reckless jubilance that led to decadent parties and wild jazz music—epitomized in The Great Gatsby by the opulent parties that Gatsby throws every Saturday night—resulted ultimately in the corruption of the American dream, as the unrestrained desire for money and pleasure surpassed more noble goals.
When World War I ended inthe generation of young Americans who had fought the war became intensely disillusioned, as the brutal carnage that they had just faced made the Victorian social morality of early-twentieth-century America seem like stuffy, empty hypocrisy.
The dizzying rise of the stock market in the aftermath of the war led to a sudden, sustained increase in the national wealth and a newfound materialism, as people began to spend and consume at unprecedented levels.
A person from any social background could, potentially, make a fortune, but the American aristocracy—families with old wealth—scorned the newly rich industrialists and speculators.
Additionally, the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment inwhich banned the sale of alcohol, created a thriving underworld designed to satisfy the massive demand for bootleg liquor among rich and poor alike.
Fitzgerald positions the characters of The Great Gatsby as emblems of these social trends. Nick and Gatsby, both of whom fought in World War I, exhibit the newfound cosmopolitanism and cynicism that resulted from the war.
East Egg represents the established aristocracy, West Egg the self-made rich. As Fitzgerald saw it and as Nick explains in Chapter 9the American dream was originally about discovery, individualism, and the pursuit of happiness.
In the s depicted in the novel, however, easy money and relaxed social values have corrupted this dream, especially on the East Coast. Additionally, places and objects in The Great Gatsby have meaning only because characters instill them with meaning: Eckleburg best exemplify this idea.
Just as Americans have given America meaning through their dreams for their own lives, Gatsby instills Daisy with a kind of idealized perfection that she neither deserves nor possesses. Like s Americans in general, fruitlessly seeking a bygone era in which their dreams had value, Gatsby longs to re-create a vanished past—his time in Louisville with Daisy—but is incapable of doing so.
When his dream crumbles, all that is left for Gatsby to do is die; all Nick can do is move back to Minnesota, where American values have not decayed. In the novel, West Egg and its denizens represent the newly rich, while East Egg and its denizens, especially Daisy and Tom, represent the old aristocracy.
Fitzgerald portrays the newly rich as being vulgar, gaudy, ostentatious, and lacking in social graces and taste.The Great Gatsby by F.
Scott Fitzgerald Words | 2 Pages. In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Jay Gatsby can be identified as a man of superior wealth and motivation.
Daisy Buchanan’s love fuels Jay’s motivation to be a wealthy and prestigious man- which compares to F. Scott Fitzgerald’s life. F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby is a literary masterpiece that takes a fascinating look at the nature of the American dream that made its fiery inception during the American War of Independence when it became the central theme of the American Declaration of Independence.
(pg. 53) The Death of Wealth for the American Dream F.
Scott Fitzgerald is an author of the popular novel called the Great Gatsby. Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul Minnesota, Fitzgerald’s family moved around a lot and finally settled in St.
Paul in In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, how does Nick perceive Gatsby's attitude about money? 1 educator answer Describe the mystique that surrounds Gatsby The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
- In stories, minor characters are often highlighted to display or represent a certain idea. The novel The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, shows the rich and their romps.
Most are carefree and only care about themselves and their status. Nov 30, · The final pages of the novel are pervaded by the consciousness of the past and the sense of history (“the dark fields of the republic” [p.
]). For most readers these pages are themost moving and suggestive in the book, and, many would add, in the whole of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s writing.