The impact of big-box retailers on communities, jobs, crime, wages and more: Shoppers would arrive by car, not foot, so what mattered was highway access, acres of parking and massive scale. In the five decades since, the American retail landscape and built environment have been profoundly altered. According to research in Social Science Quarterly, a similar effect continues:
Half of the world's wetlands were lost last century. Logging and conversion have shrunk the world's forests by as much as half. Some 9 percent of the world's tree The effects of wal mart entering in a community are at risk of extinction; tropical deforestation may exceedsquare kilometers per year.
Fishing fleets are 40 percent larger than the ocean can sustain. Nearly 70 percent of the world's major marine fish stocks are overfished or are being fished at their biological limit.
Soil degradation has affected two-thirds of the world's agricultural lands in the last 50 years. Some 30 percent of the world's original forests have been converted to agriculture. Sincethe global economy has tripled in size and population has grown by 30 percent to 6 billion people.
Dams, diversions or canals fragment almost 60 percent of the world's largest rivers. Twenty percent of the world's freshwater fish are extinct, threatened or endangered. People and Ecosystems, the Fraying Web of Life United Nations Development Programme A pioneering analysis of the world's ecosystems reveals a widespread decline in the condition of the world's ecosystems due to increasing resource demands.
The analsysis, by the World Resources Institute WRI warns that if the decline continues it could have devastating implications for human development and the welfare of all species. The analysis examined coastal, forest, grassland, and freshwater and agricultural ecosystems.
The health of the each ecosystem was measured, as based on its ability to produce the goods and services that the world currently relies on. The analysis shows that there are considerable signs that the capacity of Earth's ecosystems to produce many of the goods and services we depend on is rapidly declining.
To make matters worse, as our ecosystems decline, we are also racing against time since scientists lack baseline knowledge needed to properly determine the conditions of such systems. New Analysis of World's Ecosystems Reveals Widespread Decline ENN Will our great- grandchildren inherit a desiccated husk of a once shimmering planet, and curse us for a legacy of droughts, plagues,storms and hardscrabble moonscapes?
The four-fold increase in humans and the advent of the consumer society - have made the end of the millennium a cusp of history. Affluent consumers in Hong Kong want exotic fish and presto!
Poachers in the Philippines destroy vital reefs to meet that demand. Millions of workers in China and Russia are plagued with pollution-related ailments. We need your help to ask President Barack Obama and the Environmental Protection Agency to get working on a bold plan to curb ocean acidification.
Carbon dioxide pollution is also being absorbed by the ocean, causing its chemistry to change and become more acidic. This spells trouble for marine animals that are now having difficulty building shells, growing and sometimes even surviving in increasingly corrosive waters.
Damian Carrington Seafood is the critical source of protein for more than 2. Official catch data from FAO rarely includes small-scale, sport or illegal fishing and does not count fish discarded at sea.
A more exhaustive study, taking over a decade shows that the annual catches between and were much bigger than thought, but that the decline after the peak year of was much faster than official figures.
The new research estimates the peak catch was million tons, but declined at 1. Prof Daniel Pauly, at the University of British Columbia in Canada and who led the work, said the decline is very strong and "is due to countries having fished too much and having exhausted one fishery after another.
While the results necessarily remain uncertain, they undoubtedly represent our most complete picture yet of the global state of fish catches.
But afterfew undiscovered fisheries were left and catches started to decline. The decline since has largely been in fish caught by industrial fleets and to a lesser extent a cut in the number of unwanted fish discarded at sea.
On resumption, catches were bigger than ever.
We know how to fix this problem but whether we do it or not depends on conditions that are difficult. Illegal and pirate fishing take place in many parts of the world. We can also see, that in efforts to stem declines, we have been using more and more bycatch that was once thrown away.
Jeremy Hance Seabirds have been around for sixty million years, and they are true survivalists: But now seabirds seabird abundance has dropped Edd Hammill with Utah State University and co-author of the paper, noted: It gives us an idea of the overall impact we're having.
Living on both the open ocean and the shoreline, they face overfishing, drowning in fishing lines or nets, plastic pollution, invasive species like rats in nesting areas, oil and gas development and toxic pollution moving up the food chain.
And then there is climate change and ocean acidification which threaten to flood nesting sites and disrupt food sources. Seabirds are about twice as likely as land-based birds to be threatened with extinction. Hammill said the "most pressing issue" is plastic pollution.Frugality, at its core, is a question of doing only what matters most to you.
A successful frugal budget spends money only on the most important things and a happy frugal person only allots their time to their highest priorities. There’s a reason why the first step in my Uber Frugal Month Challenge is to identify your priorities and longterm goals. Neumark, “The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets,” ].
Lower wages across the board mean that people have less money to spend in the community. More What's New November NEW! Top 13 Consequential Legal Defense Fund Cases A new publication from the League's Legal Defense Fund - Top 13 Consequential Legal Defense Fund Cases - highlights cases of statewide impact to municipalities, including PA "gag order," on dark stores, annexation, medical marihuana, and governmental immunity.
The Economic Impact of Walmart. is a pretty sizable vortex of retail spending that is certainly going to shift consumer dynamics in an established community.
That alone doesn’t make Walmart inherently positive or negative, but it is something to consider with care. Now that Walmart seems intent on entering the hearts of major cities.
HP needs weeks to ship additional TouchPads, according to a leaked email sent to customers.
HP is prepping one last run for its defunct tablet. We are a community interested in world affairs and using our intuition to see the direction of our world. This website is the property of intuitive reader/channel Jeanne Mayell, who brings people together here to learn intuitive skills and awaken intuitively to our world..
We help each other through these times and look for the more beautiful world we know is coming.